Ohio EPA encourages residents to understand what and where they can
legally burn materials outdoors.
Burning yard waste, leaves and other debris is more than a nuisance
to neighbors. Smoke from these fires can carry chemicals and ash that
can be inhaled deeply into the lungs, causing breathing difficulties,
especially for people with lung or heart problems. Also, gases released
by open burning can corrode metal siding and damage paint on buildings.
This is why it is important to know Ohio’s open burning regulations.
One key part of state law makes it illegal to conduct open burning
inside a municipality or within a set distance outside a municipality,
depending on the town’s size. A 3-foot-by-2-foot recreational fire using
clean, seasoned firewood is allowed in both municipal and rural areas.
However in rural areas, any other types of fires cannot be set within
1,000 feet of an inhabited building on a neighboring property.
Brush, tree trimmings and leaves may be burned only on the property
where they are generated and only if the fire meets the boundary
requirements. Garbage, dead animals or material containing rubber,
grease or petroleum (such as tires and plastics) cannot be burned any
time in Ohio.
State law takes precedence over local ordinances, in most cases.
Regarding outdoor burning regulations, local ordinances often can be
stricter than state law, but not less so. Consult both state and local
regulations before burning. Violations can result in fines. In addition,
the Ohio Department of Natural Resources has open burning rules aimed
at preventing wildfires.
To ask questions, request written permission to burn or lodge a
complaint about open burning, contact Jeremy Scoles in Ohio EPA’s
Northwest District Office in Bowling Green, toll free at 1-800-686-6930
extension 3052, or by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org.