WASHINGTON, D.C. - Today, the FBI released Hate Crime Statistics, 2014, the
Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program’s latest compilation about
bias-motivated incidents throughout the nation. Submitted by 15,494 law
enforcement agencies, the data provide information about the offenses,
victims, offenders, and locations of hate crimes; however, the UCR
Program does not estimate offenses for the jurisdictions of agencies
that do not submit reports. Highlights of Hate Crime Statistics, 2014
Law enforcement agencies submitted incident reports involving 5,479
criminal incidents and 6,418 offenses as being motivated by bias toward
race, gender, gender identity, religion, disability, sexual orientation,
and ethnicity in 2014. The numbers are down from 2013 when 5,928
criminal incidents were reported involving 6,933 offenses.
There were 5,462 single-bias incidents involving 6,681 victims. A
percent distribution of victims by bias type showed that 48.3 percent of
victims were targeted because of the offenders’ racial bias, 18.7
percent were victimized because of the offenders’ sexual-orientation
bias, 17.1 percent were targeted because of the offenders’ religious
bias, and 12.3 percent were victimized due to ethnicity bias. Victims
targeted because of the offenders’ bias against gender identity
accounted for 1.6 percent of victims of single-bias incidents;
disabilities, 1.4 percent; and gender, 0.6 percent.
There were 17 multiple-bias hate crime incidents involving 46 victims.
Of the 4,048 hate crime offenses classified as crimes against
persons in 2014, intimidation accounted for 43.1 percent, simple assault
accounted for 37.4 percent, and aggravated assault for 19.0 percent.
Four murders and nine rapes (all nine from agencies that collected data
using the revised rape definition) were reported as hate crimes.
Beginning with the 2013 data collection, the UCR Program’s revised
definition of rape is “Penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina
or anus with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ
of another person, without the consent of the victim.” [This includes
the offenses of rape, sodomy, and sexual assault with an object as
converted from data submitted via the National Incident-Based Reporting
The UCR Program’s legacy definition of rape is “The carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will.”
There were 2,317 hate crime offenses classified as crimes against
property. The majority of these (73.1 percent) were acts of
destruction/damage/vandalism. Robbery, burglary, larceny-theft, motor
vehicle theft, arson, and other offenses accounted for the remaining
26.9 percent of crimes against property.
In the UCR Program, the term known offender does not imply that the
suspect’s identity is known; rather, the term indicates that some aspect
of the suspect was identified, thus distinguishing the suspect from an
unknown offender. Law enforcement agencies specify the number of
offenders and, when possible, the race of the offender or offenders as a
group. Beginning in 2013, law enforcement officers could also report
whether suspects were juveniles or adults, as well as the suspect’s
ethnicity when possible.
Of the 5,192 known offenders, 52.0 percent were white, and 23.2
percent were black or African-American. The race was unknown for 16.0
percent. Other races accounted for the remaining known offenders: 1.1
percent were American Indian or Alaska Native; 0.8 percent were Asian;
less than 0.1 percent were Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander;
and 6.9 percent were of a group of multiple races.
Of the 1,875 offenders for whom ages were known, 81.0 percent were 18 years of age or older.
Of the 975 offenders for whom ethnicity was reported, 47.6 percent
were Not Hispanic or Latino, 6.5 percent were Hispanic or Latino, and
1.7 percent were in a group of multiple ethnicities. Ethnicity was
unknown for 44.2 percent of these offenders.
• Most hate crime incidents (31.6 percent) occurred in or near
residences/homes. Nearly 18 percent (17.8) occurred on
highways/roads/alleys/streets/sidewalks; 8.6 percent occurred at
schools/colleges; 6.3 percent happened at parking/drop lots/garages; and
3.6 percent took place in churches/synagogues/temples/mosques. The
location was considered other/unknown for 11.9 percent of hate crime
incidents. The remainder of hate crime incidents took place at other
specified or multiple locations.
You don't have permmission to comment, or comments have been turned off for this article.